Seasons in India-Different Types of Seasons in India


India is a vast country with a wide range of climatic conditions. It is a country with a unique location and many unique geographical features. In terms of Seasons in India, there is a great variation in India. India is a country where you can find snow-covered mountains, and you can also find hot deserts where the temperature can touch 50 degrees Celsius.


India has a vast extent and an immense variation of topography. A vast country like India has many factors that affect the seasons. The tropic of cancer passing through the heart of India divides the country into the tropical south zone and the sub-tropical north zone.

India has vast flat lands and also has very high mountains; the presence of varying altitudes also affects the seasons of India. Lastly, India is a peninsular country surrounded by water on three sides. This peninsular location has a significant effect on the seasons of India.

Different Types of Seasons in India

How many seasons are there in India ? Based on all the factors mentioned above, the seasons in India can be divided into six. All the seasons last for about two to three months and have unique features. Every season has its beauties as well as perils. From ancient times, the people of India have been using the season calendar to structure their lives and livelihoods. Many festivals celebrated in India mark the arrival and end of these seasons. 

According to the Meteorological department of India, there are four seasons in India. But unlike the western countries, India experiences all the six seasons in most of the regions in India.  


We will walk through and talk about all the six seasons of India in the order of seasons.

  • Spring Season (Vasanta Ritu).
  • Summer Season (Grishma Ritu).
  • Rainy Season (Varsha Ritu).
  • Autumn Season (Sharad Ritu).
  • Pre-Winter (Hemant Ritu).
  • Winter Season (Shishir Ritu).

Spring Season in India (Vasanta Ritu)

The Spring Season of India is prominent during March and April, and it is considered to be one of the most beautiful seasons. The spring season marks the transition between the summer and winter seasons of India.

The average temperature throughout India during spring is about 30 to 35 degrees Celsius. As the winter season comes to an end, the days start to become warmer and longer with the arrival of spring. As spring passes, the weather keeps on getting warmer, and the intensity of sunlight keeps on increasing.


The festival of Vasant Panchami marks the arrangements for the incoming of spring in India. The spring season comes into full bloom on the day of Holi, which is the festival of colours and it marks the spring season of India.


The Spring Season of India is very important for both flora and fauna. The Spring Season in India is greeted with joy and hope. The spring season is also known as the crop season in India, as farmers consider this season as the agricultural season in India.

The majority of the crops in India are harvested during this season. Apart from that, the spring season also marks the time for the mating of several animals and birds. As the winter comes to an end, new leaves start to appear in many trees, and many flowers come into blossom during spring.

The season of spring in India also holds great financial and educational value. As March is the last fiscal month and April is the first financial month, the majority of the economic activities of India take place during this season. April is also the month that marks the beginning of educational sessions for many students in India.


Summer Season in India (Grishma Ritu)

The people of North Indian hill areas consider summer season as the best time of the year as the summer is ideal for tourists visiting these places with comfortable climatic conditions.

During May and June, India experiences very hot weather throughout the country. This season is the Summer Season of India. During the end of spring, the days start to become very long and quite hot. This extreme change in weather marks the arrival of the summer season in India. It is hot. It is scorching and then it is very, very hot.

The average temperature throughout the country is about 35 to 40 degrees Celsius. At some places, the temperature can reach as high as 50 degrees Celsius. During this season, the intensity of sunlight is highest, and the weather becomes quite dry. Water bodies like rivers, lakes, ponds, and wells start to dry-up.


The arrival of summer also means the arrival of the favourite fruit of India, which is Mango. During the highs of summer, the mangoes in India start to ripe, and everyone enjoys this exotic fruit in India. Other than mango, fruits like Litchi, Watermelon, Jackfruit, Jamun, and many other enjoyable delicacies ripe during the summer season of India.

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The summer season is also known as the season for kids in India. This season comes as a moment of joy for students in India because they get to enjoy the most prolonged holiday vacation of the year during summer, which is the Summer Vacation.

India experiences several seasonal winds during summer that cause rainfall and bring a little relief from the scorching heat in several regions:


  • Kal Baisakhi in West Bengal.
  • Mango Showers in South India.
  • Cherry Blossom in Karnataka & Kerala.
  • Bardoli Chheerha in Assam.

During the summer season, the Northern part of India experiences Loo. This hot, strong, and dry wind from the west causes many diseases. Being safe from this warm weather becomes very important during the summer season.

The Summer Season is very important for the arrival of Monsoon in India. Due to the scorching weather, the region of India develops a low pressure. Because of this low pressure, monsoon winds enter India from the South West direction that causes rainfall.


Rainy Season in India (Varsha Ritu)

The rainy season in India is governed by the monsoon. In southern state like Kerala the rainy season is related to continuous thunderstorms and intense tropical cyclones and the occurance of  persistent heavy rainfall is common during monsoon.


The monsoon governs the rainy season in India. In a southern state like Kerala, the rainy season is related to continuous thunderstorms, and intense tropical cyclones and the occurrence of persistent heavy rainfall is common during monsoon.


The intense Monsoons dominate India’s southern regionsThe onset of monsoon in India is a great sight. During the end of June and starting of July, the rainy season arrives in India. The first location that receives rainfall is the Malabar Coast in Kerala. Slowly and steadily, grey monsoon clouds start to engulf the sky over India and cause heavy rain. Lakes and ponds begin to fill up. Water starts to gush in several rivers. The dryness caused by the summer season comes to an end during the rainy season. As mentioned, the monsoon season of India arrives at the end of June, and it ends at the end of August.

rainy season in India

Monsoon comes as a great relief after the extreme summer season of India. The temperature starts to cool down, and the heat decreases. The rainy season is crucial for India. 


As agriculture is the backbone of the Indian economy, the country requires a large amount of water for irrigation. The majority of this water is received via rainfall. A good rainy season of India ensures a great crop harvest.

The monsoon season of India is bliss, and everyone is happy during this season. It is also called the greenery season of India because green sheets of grass and plants start to emerge on the ground during this season. Forests begin to grow in this season because trees grow new leaves as water is present in abundance.

Everyone loves the refreshing monsoon breeze, the sound of rain, the glow of lightning, and the smell of soil during the rainy season of India.

The rainy season also marks several essential festivals of India, including Ganesh Chathurthi, Rath Yatra, Teej, Raksha Bandhan, Onam, Janmashtmi, and Hemis Festival.


Autumn Season in India (Sharad Ritu)

The autumn season in India comes after the monsoons and before the start of the winter seasons.

During the start of September, the rainfall winds start to withdraw from India, and in comes the Autumn Season of India. It begins at the start of September and ends at the beginning of November.

Also called the Fall Season, autumn marks the shedding of leaves by plants and trees all over India. The weather remains moderate during this season, and a few regions in India receive a little rainfall. The average temperature is similar to the spring season and stays at about 30 to 35 degrees Celsius.

The skies become clear and cloudless during the Autumn Season. Because of the clear sky, the sunlight is good, the moon is visible, and countless stars appear in the sky. As this season occurs after the rainy season, the water in ponds, rivers, and lakes become very clear and pleasant.

The Autumn Season also marks the transition between the rainy season and the winter season of India. It is a beautiful and pleasant season that helps livelihood get back to normal after all the rainfall.

Many famous festivals of India are celebrated during the Sharad Ritu, which includes Navaratri and Dussehra. These festivals bring immense joy to all the people of India.

Pre-Winter Season in India (Hemant Ritu)

During mid-November, the temperature starts to fall all over India. This marks the beginning of the Pre-Winter Season in India. This season begins in November and ends in December. The average temperature throughout the country comes down to about 22 to 27 degrees Celsius, and the days start to get shorter.

The key feature of this season is that new leaves begin to appear in plants and trees that had shed their leaves during the Autumn Season. This phenomenon looks amazing, and it seems like a feeling of enthusiasm has emerged in Nature. In ancient times, this season is considered to be the season of health. As the weather is cool and pleasant throughout India in this season, it helps people to recover their health.

This season is also a great time to play sports. Many sports competitions are held during this season. Apart from that, this season is also known to be a traveling season. Many tourists and travelers plan their traveling during this season in India.

As winter starts arriving, frost even starts to arrive, which is very harmful to crops. Also, nowadays, the fog during this season mixes with the smoke, and harmful smog is formed. Pollution is very detrimental to humans, animals, and plants.

Deepavali and Chhath Puja are two very important festivals in India that are celebrated during the Hemant Ritu.

Winter Season in India (Shishir Ritu)

The coldest time experienced in India is during the Winter Season. During mid-December, the temperature starts to fall drastically all over India. This decrease in temperature means that the Winter Season has arrived in India. This season begins during mid-December and ends during February. Days are quite short, and Nights are long during this season.

Snowfall is prominent in the region of Himalayas. The snowfall season is very crucial for the North India tourism industry as the fresh snow attracts thousands of tourists from different parts of the country to hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Mussoorie, etc.

The average temperature all around the country drops down to about 15 to 22 degrees Celsius. In Northern India, especially in the regions of Jammu, Kashmir, and Himachal Pradesh, the temperature sometimes drops down to below 0 degrees Celsius. The Northern Plains experience an average temperature of 10 degrees Celsius, which decreases even more during the night time.

The winter season is the season of warm clothes. People put-on woolen clothes, shawls, sweaters, coats, mufflers, blazers, etc. to resist the cold weather. Winter Season is also right on the pockets of people as coolers, ACs, refrigerators, and fans are not required much.

Like the summer season, the winter season also offers excellent fruits and vegetables, including Guava, Papaya, Strawberry, Star Fruit, Carrots, Spinach, and others. All these fruits and vegetables are essential to maintain immunity during the Winter Season. Prominent Rabi crops, especially wheat, are sown during the cold Winter Season.

During the Winter Season, a few regions in India receive rainfall. Punjab & Haryana receive rainfall, which is very important for the wheat crops. In south India, Tamil Nadu & Andhra Pradesh receives rainfall, which is essential for the Rabi crops.

Students also enjoy a lot in this season as they enjoy the Winter Vacation. Many festivals like Christmas, Eid, New-Year, Makar Sankranti, Pongal, and Bihu are celebrated during the Winter Season in India.

Tourist Season in India

India is the second populated and seventh-largest country in the world. The northern side is known for its Himalayan mountains ranges. The southern side is bounded by the Bay of the Bengal in the east, The Arabian Sea in the west and the Indian Ocean in the South.


Winter season is the most suitable time to visit the country for various reasons. India is known for a variety of architectural sights, amazing beaches and unique backwater tourism attraction like Kerala backwaters. The weather in this season is ideal for tourists for sightseeing tours of majestic palaces and world-famous UNESCO world heritage sites like the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Qutab Minar, Amber palace etc. Winter seasons are also best for beach activities, water sports and backwater tourism.


India satisfies its visitors with some unforgettable entertainment and variety of architectural sights, places of erstwhile kings and other heritages sites preserved from the Mughal times in India.


The best time for tourists to visit India is between November and March. During this period the country witness lots of foreign tourists visiting different tourist destinations in the country. The winter season is perfect for sightseeing tours and even to roam between tourist places spread around the country.


Winter season in India is bright, warm and dry. The average daytime temperatures vary from 2 ° C 21 ° C depending on the region. India is known for its sandy beaches spread around hundreds of kilometres. Some of the Indian beaches like Goa, Andaman and Samudra beaches in Kerala attract thousands of beach lovers from all over the world. During the winter season, the sea is warm, and the average temperature ranges from 22 ° C 28° C depending on the destination.



India is a land of unity in diversity with different culture, languages, caste and religion live together. The seasons in India are beautiful and have many unique features. Each season has its food, unique festivals, own fruits, own weather, and its characteristics. Some people may enjoy the Summer Season, some may enjoy the Rainy Season, and some may experience the Winter Season. Still, everyone agrees that every season of India has its beauty.

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